Rosebud Sioux Tribe opens Auto & Tire Repair Shop

MISSION, SD – The Rosebud Sioux Tribe held a Grand Opening last week for their latest economic endeavor – Sicangu Auto Service. President Rodney Bordeaux was joined by Rosebud Economic Development Corporation (REDCO) Director Wizipan Garriott and REDCO Board Chairman Shawn Bordeaux at a ribbon cutting on May 25.


A special thank you was offered to the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community (SMSC) and Chairman Stanley Crooks for the financial help they provided in getting this new business open for local residents. Over the last several years, the SMSC has generously provided many tribes in Indian Country with development grants for economic opportunities. The RST also provided funding to jumpstart this new endeavor.


Local residents who attended the Grand Opening were treated to a complimentary lunch, cake, soda, coffee and Lakota Water. Children received free balloons. Door prizes were also offered. The shop has a soda machine and coffee available on site. There are no immediate plans to add convenience store items.


Sicangu Auto Service will not sell gas. Instead, the new business has a large selection of new tires available for sale and if what you need is not in stock, they can order your tires to be delivered to the shop on Wednesday or Friday. There is a limited selection of used tires. Farm implement and bike tires can also be repaired or purchased. “If it’s round and has air it in we will try to fix it for you,” stated Store Manager Ken Gillaspie.


Along with tire repairs, Sicangu Auto Service will also offer wheel alignments, oil changes and other minor vehicle repairs. Technicians are John Allen and Cornell Menard, Jr. Wheel alignments and radiator or transmission flushes are available along with repairs to starters, alternators, brakes and shocks. Bulk oil deliveries to the store can also be arranged.


Wheel alignments start at $49.95. Tire repairs start at $10. A basic oil change for a car will cost you $38.95. A radiator flush is $49.95 and a transmission flush is $89.95. Custom wheels are also available for sale. Call for pricing on batteries and shocks. A self-service car wash and vacuum are also available.


Store hours are 8am to 6pm, Monday through Saturday. Sicangu Auto Service also accepts pre-approved RST payroll deductions. Telephone number is (605) 856-2337.

Federal restraining orders on the Rez?

It seems to me that the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was used as some kind of political football in Washington, DC.


YAY to all Senate lawmakers for approving S. 1925 which seeks to allow our local tribal courts to have jurisdiction over non-Indians who assault or otherwise harm their companions while living on an Indian Reservation.


BOO to all elected House lawmakers who approved H.R. 4970 which eliminated the provisions which would strengthen the ability of our local tribal courts to prosecute non-Indians who assault their domestic partners in Indian Country.


Anyway, so now there is a House version and a Senate version of the VAWA. I understand the next step is for everyone to come together and figure out what the final version is going to be. This might be a long process since they obviously cannot agree on what they want.


In the meantime, some of our people, women especially, are still not safe in their own homes on their own land. That is, if you are an enrolled member of a federally recognized American Indian Tribe living on your own reservation, you may find it very difficult to seek legal protection if you are married to or in a domestic relationship with a non-Indian who abuses you. The Rosebud Sioux Tribal Court does not have criminal jurisdiction against your non-Indian husband or wife. So, if he or she decides to physically assault you there is really nothing the tribal police or tribal court system can do.


The feds will not assume jurisdiction unless the case is an aggravated assault or a murder. Do we have to wait until someone is killed in a domestic violence assault before we can get protection against non-Indians living on our rez? Is that a question I should even ask?


Victims could call the County Sheriff but I doubt they would respond to a domestic violence call in Rosebud, even if the perpetrator is a non-Indian. Are you a victim of domestic abuse on the Rosebud Reservation at the hands of your non-Indian spouse or partner? Have you ever called the Todd County Sheriff for help? Email me to let me know if you did and how it turned out for you. I know there are couples living on my reservation right now where one is a tribal member and the other is a non-Indian. Criminal domestic violence incidents involving these couples will often fall through the cracks in law enforcement.


How do you feel about going to the federal courthouse in Pierre to file for a restraining order against your abusive non-Indian spouse or companion? Many of our people living on the reservations in South Dakota are in survival mode most of the time. Families struggle on a daily basis just to provide shelter and enough food.


Still, if you have no car or no job and you want to seek a protection order against your non-Indian spouse you may have to go to the feds in order to get one if Representative Kristi Noem (R-SD) gets her way. Here is an excerpt of what Rep. Noem had to say on May 16, 2012 regarding the vote on the Republican version of VAWA:


“House Republicans are not going to allow the Violence Against Women Act to get sidelined because of politics, it’s simply too important. One area of particular concern to people back home in South Dakota is provisions for Native Americans and Native American women. Native American women suffer from higher levels of abuse than non-Indian women but all too often they don’t get to see their perpetrators brought to justice. It’s simply unacceptable. This Violence Against Women Act improves upon many of the programs that are designed specifically to aid Native American Women. And it also includes new provisions to improve Congress’ response to potential problems they may run into. Furthermore, to better ensure that Native American women have improved recourse against abusive individuals, I worked with the Judiciary committee and the staff to include language in this bill to empower Native American women to either petition individually the federal courts or through their tribal courts for a federal restraining order. Insuring that these women have the ability to obtain a protection order is a vital step towards stopping the cycle of abuse that many of them suffer through. It impacts them disproportionally in Indian Country than it does in other areas of this nation. Those who have suffered from violence and abuse have gone through enough. Let’s not cause more harm by putting politics before victims and let’s support and reauthorize the improved Violence Against Women Act today.”


Have you ever heard of a “federal restraining order?” If we are going to have to start filing petitions for restraining orders in federal court it means we will have to travel long distances to do so. The nearest federal courthouse to residents of the Rosebud Reservation is in Pierre, SD; a 230 mile round trip from my home.

It’s hard for many to get to the tribal courthouse. Where will we get gas money to drive to Pierre to file for a “federal restraining order?”


Furthermore, I would like to see the number of federal law enforcement officers present on my reservation to decrease. Is it not enough that the major crimes are prosecuted at the federal level? Will we soon see more federal agents on Indian land enforcing restraining orders over non-Indians?


Rep. Kristi Noem is out of touch with how life really is on the Indian Reservations in the state she represents, in my opinion. She has absolutely no idea of what it’s like to be a battered Indian woman who is afraid for her life. How can she speak for us when she doesn’t have a clue about our reality?


On this Memorial Day, I remember all the Indian women who lost their lives on their own land at the lands of a violent non-Indian man.

Indian Law & Order Commission holds field hearing on Rosebud Reservation

MISSION, SD – The Indian Law and Order Commission (ILOC) conducted a field hearing last week on the Rosebud Reservation. Topics addressed included: High Priority Performance Goals (HPPG) in Indian Country, Juvenile Justice, Implementation of the TLOA, Jurisdiction, and Enhanced Sentencing under TLOA, also Domestic Abuse, Sexual Assault and Stalking.


“Communities cannot arrest their way out of problems that threaten safety. Putting people behind bars does not strengthen communities, it takes away from them,” stated Rosebud Sioux Tribal President Rodney Bordeaux. “Yet, people must be held accountable for their actions and deterred from hurting others and this cannot be done without police presence. We are proud of the developments we have made to strengthen justice for our people but we still have a lot of work to do in making sure victims feel safe enough to report crimes. Our people need to believe police will respond when their lives or others’ lives are in danger.”


“People were able to feel safe,” said James Cerney, a Tribal Public Defender for who spoke about the effects of HPPG on the Standing Rock Reservation. The project “diminished levels that crime would reach, officers were able to arrive before fights escalated from simple assaults to aggravated assaults.”


“80% of Rosebud’s young people have attempted suicide, many have multiple attempts. 100% of the juveniles on our reservation have a friend or relative who has completed suicide,” said Miskoo Petite. He serves as the Facility Administrator for the Wanbli Wiconi Tipi (Juvenile Detention Center).


“Some young people complete treatment and come out with a positive sense but go back into the same environment,” Petite continued. “We usually see a spike in grades when the young people we serve have their basic needs met.”


“Rather than focus on incarceration we focused on education and included the day school,” said Children’s Court Judge Janel Sully. “When the youth come in they are sullen, angry and upset. They spend some time in the Green Entry program and in a matter of days they are smiling, happy and energetic.”


“There is a perception in Indian Country that the federal courts don’t prosecute as many cases as they could,” stated US Attorney Brendan Johnson. “But the number of federal cases prosecuted on Rosebud has grown over the last four years.” In 2008 there were 73 federal cases. 2009 saw 85 court cases prosecuted at the federal level. In 2010 there were 102 cases. There were 130 federal cases in 2011. These numbers indicate a 78% increase in federal prosecution.


“We have a human right to be safe in our communities,” stated JR LaPlante. He currently serves as South Dakota’s Secretary of Tribal Relations.


“I see enhanced sentencing as flexing the sovereignty muscles that we do have,” stated RST Attorney General Mato Standing High. “There needs to be criminal jurisdiction over non-Indians in Indian Country for domestic violence offenses.”


“There needs to be tougher prosecution against white collar crimes,” continued Standing High. “People don’t get prosecuted for these crimes. If we continue to let white collar crime slide, the people who are committing these acts will believe they will always be able to get away with it.”


“Grant based funding for the development and maintenance of tribal justice systems does not work, we need direct funding,” stated RST Prosecutor Matthew Rappold, who also serves as a Special Assistant US Attorney. “We have to have needs based, non-competitive funding to fund tribal justice systems.”


“The average Todd County School student misses 40 days per year,” stated RST Truancy Prosecutor Jamie Ayers. “So an 8th grade graduate actually only has a 5th grade education. Students are exposed to abuse, alcoholism, hunger, poverty, lack of transportation and violent crimes. Some have parents who are involved in gang activity. Some are being raised by grandparents or great-grandparents on fixed incomes.”


“We learn in law school that treaties are the supreme law of the land,” added Attorney General Standing High. “We are still talking about treaty promises that are not going to come through. We don’t have high arrest rates because of our people; we have high arrest rates because of the system.”


“There is no way of validating protection orders issued by our tribal court in other jurisdictions,” stated Nicole Witt who serves as Executive Director of the White Buffalo Calf Woman Society Shelter. “Why don’t we implement a national tribal protection order registry? This would enter a protection order into the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) so local police officers can find out quickly it is valid.”


Faith Spotted Eagle spoke on behalf of the Brave Heart Society who traditionally “brought back the dead from the battlefield. Today they are bringing back the spirits of our people who have suffered layer upon layer of trauma. The United States is a post-conflict society and we have personalities that are essentially numb.”


In the past 14 years, the Brave Heart Society has helped 90 girls complete the Isnati ceremony on the Yankton Sioux Reservation. “The majority of those girls are doing better than their counterparts are,” stated Spotted Eagle. Cultural activities and ceremonies like the Isnati are one way of “healing traumatic events.”


Child abuse and neglect are both forms of violence on the Rosebud Reservation,” stated Natalie Stites, Project Manager of the Defending Childhood Initiative. “At least two children per day are a victim of a crime. Our children and youth are incredibly vulnerable.”


The Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA), signed into law by President Obama last summer, created the ILOC, an independent, all-volunteer advisory group, to help with the challenges to securing equal justice for Native Americans living and working on Indian lands. TLOA directs the Commission to report back to the White House and Capitol Hill next year with specific proposals to make Indian Country safer and more just, so that Native Americans may finally receive the full protections guaranteed to all U.S. citizens by the Constitution.


Commissioners include: The Honorable Troy A Eid (Chairman), Affie Ellis, Tom Gede, Carole Goldberg, The Honorable Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin, The Honorable Jefferson Keel, The Honorable Earl Raphy Pomeroy III, Theresa Pouley, Jeff Davis, Eileen M. Garry and Ted Quasula. For more information please visit:


A Sacred Alignment only seen every 26,000 years

Sunday, May 20, was the New Moon. This cycle of the Moon is when Mother Earth is shrouded in total darkness at night. The Moon is still there but we just cannot see her.


Many of us view New Moon as a time to make new prayers for the next cycle. It is also a time for new beginnings. We get this chance to renew our prayers and make new starts every single cycle of the Moon. As a human being, I am grateful for the universe allowing me this opportunity every month.


There was also an annular solar eclipse on Sunday. The last time an eclipse like this occurred was in 1994. The next annular solar eclipse will take place in the year 2023. So if you missed the celestial event on Sunday, you will have to wait 11 years for the next one.


An annular solar eclipse happens when the moon passes between Mother Earth and the Sun. It is an annular eclipse because the Moon appears to be smaller than the Sun and all light is hidden except for a bright halo, sometimes referred to as a ring of fire.


During the eclipse on Sunday, Mother Earth, the Moon, the Sun and the Pleiades were all in alignment. The energy was awesome. I hope you made the best of the sacred time on Sunday. This only happens every 26,000 years.


Even though eclipse energy is very intense, it is a great time to reflect on our inner selves and where we are on the path of life. It is the perfect time to let go of people or situations which are no longer in your best interest.


Also, Full Moon was a couple of weeks ago. I saw where people were calling her a Super Moon because she looked really big and her reflection was very bright. How did you feel during the Super Moon?


The cycle of our Moon affects the Earth in many ways. Moon energy is linked to water. So, it makes sense to me that when it is Full Moon the water inside our bodies is affected. Many people become highly emotional during the time of the Full Moon.

A New Moon will also affect the water within our bodies and our emotions. People who are disconnected from nature or not spiritually conscious might scoff at the idea of their body being affected by the Moon’s cycle. And this is still a free will zone so you can believe whatever you like.


Yet, if you start paying attention you may realize that you are affected. The next Full Moon is June 4, so mark the date and be aware of yourself. Moon energy can affect sleep patterns. Either we are tired and want to sleep more or we have insomnia. If you are interested to find out how you are affected maybe you can keep track of both the New and Full Moon times to see.


Another phenomenon which also affects me personally is the coronal mass ejections (CME) which come from the Sun. Some of you may know these as solar flares. I became interested in these Sun spots several years ago. I began looking for articles online about the solar flares and even found video on them. Today you can event watch online videos of massive CMEs from the sun.


Sometimes the energy from a CME will burst forth from the side of the Sun facing away from us. Other times the flare will be from the side we see. When the energy from these ejections hits our atmosphere it will affect many things.


A CME on the other side of the Sun has minimal effects upon our atmosphere. But when the energy is released and heads straight for Mother Earth it can affect the satellites in space. It can also affect electricity grids. I can always tell when there is solar flare energy in our midst because sometimes my television picture will freeze or seem to break up.


CME energy also affects human beings. People seem to be more edgy when Mother Earth is engulfed in CME energy. You can use this energy in a positive way to do work on your inner self with the goal of healing. Or you can allow yourself to be overwhelmed by the dark emotions such as anger, misery, bitterness, etc. You always have a choice.


If you don’t like the choice you make then choose again. Many human beings do not understand the power of choice. I can choose to be happy or I can choose to be angry. No one else can choose for me.


Many human beings are now on the path of self-realization or enlightenment. They are the people who have stopped fooling themselves. They also no longer allow their ego to control every waking moment. They understand the answers are all within themselves and they are making efforts to heal.


Other human beings are stumbling down a different path. Many are in denial of the changes humanity is now facing. The fear of what the year 2012 holds for many is an added stressor. When you focus on the negative, you can be sure that is what you will get. Are you one of the people who think the world is going to end this year? If so, you might be having a very difficult time adjusting to all the energies brought by eclipses, solar flares, Moon cycles and Earth changes in general.


And if you think one eclipse was hard to get through, the party isn’t over yet. There is also an upcoming lunar eclipse on the calendar for the Full Moon on June 4, 2012.


Finally, eclipse energy lingers after the actually event has taken place. Some of us will undergo a major life change during an eclipse window. A person, job or relationship may be eclipsed into or out of your life. Go with the flow of energy.

Tribal election day will soon be here

On the Rosebud Indian Reservation, May 25 (Elder Day) and May 28 (Memorial Day) are both legal holidays for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. All offices will be closed.


Qualified Rosebud Sioux Tribal members have seven days to submit a nominating affidavit and filing fee to run for election. The deadline to file for the office of Tribal President, Vice-President or Council Representative is May 31, 2012.


I visited tribal headquarters last week. Only a few people have filed to be placed on the ballot for the reservation wide primary election set for Thursday, July 26, 2012. Most are incumbents; some have served prior terms in office while others have not served at all.


Potential candidates are working on their campaign platform. Incumbents who are seeking re-election are dusting off the platform which was put away after the last election. We will be encouraged to vote for this or that political candidate.


Many people want to see new blood in Tribal Government. Still, when we elect new people to our governing body many of them have no clue about the position they have been appointed to. They walk into their very first tribal council meeting totally blind.


This is what usually happens:


It might take the whole first year to figure out how Tribal Government operates. Legislators will attend days upon days of endless meetings where controversial issues are talked to death before being voted on. There is never enough money. It is usually during this time when the legislator forgets what his or her original campaign platform actually proposed.


Then, after the process is somewhat figured out, the elected official may work to bring forward the issues he/she wanted to originally change, improve or eliminate. Legislators will soon find that not all of their colleagues will support the issues they seek to address. It may take six, ten, twelve or eighteen months to lobby for support from the other nineteen tribal council members.


By now legislators are approaching the end of a three year term in office. If they want to run for re-election, they might start campaigning now for the election which will take place next year. The last year in office is often dedicated to strategizing for re-election. Their vote for or against controversial issues may determine their chances of being re-elected.


In the six months leading up to the primary election, people are talking trash about incumbents who might want to be re-elected while encouraging innocent tribal members to file for office. This is where we are today.


If you’re thinking of running for election to a position in Tribal Government, I believe you should spend at least five years studying the governing body. It isn’t fair to your fellow tribal members to enter the biggest job of your life unprepared. You will only waste our time and financial resources.


Soon those hand painted signs will create a familiar eyesore at every major highway junction on our rez. Shall I vote for whoever has the best sign?

Rosebud Sioux Tribe hosts High Priority Performance Goal Summit

ROSEBUD CASINO – A meeting to discuss local law enforcement efforts on the Rosebud Reservation was held here last week. In addition, an overview was provided on the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) High Priority Performance Goal (HPPG) Initiative.


The HPPG Initiative was first implemented in Indian Country during 2009 on the Wind River Arapaho (Wyoming), Standing Rock Sioux (North/South Dakota), Rocky Boy Chippewa/Cree (Montana) and Mescalero Apache (New Mexico) Indian Reservations. These areas were provided with additional resources in the form of increased base federal funding to assist with efforts in reducing violent crime by at least 5%. Over a period of 24 months, criminal incidents on these four reservations combined were reduced overall by 35%.


On the Rosebud Reservation, 100% of children who reside here are exposed to violence, either directly or indirectly. On average, there are two women assaulted along with at least one child directly exposed to violence every day on Rosebud. These numbers are taken directly from the agencies who serving the victims of violent crimes.


The current phase of the HPPG Initiative involves a continuation of efforts to reduce violent crime in other parts of Indian Country. The two areas which will be focused on are the Rosebud Sioux and San Carlos Apache Reservations.


“We believe we can have the same result in these two areas,” stated Darren Cruzan, who serves as the Director of the BIA Office of Justice Services. “The BIA is not coming in to tell the tribes what to do. We prefer to come alongside the tribes as a partner to help the program succeed.”


Tribal officials from both the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and the San Carlos Apache Tribe attended the one day summit. RST officials from tribal government, law enforcement, detention, tribal court, social services as well as several BIA officials also attended.


Rosebud and San Carlos were both selected for the HPPG Initiative “because of the commitment of their tribal leadership,” stated Cruzan. Rosebud Sioux Tribal President Rodney Bordeaux and Chief of Police Grace Her Many Horses, along with San Carlos Tribal President Terry Rambler and Chief of Police Alejandro Benally all attended the meeting.


“We have to have a buy in by tribal leadership in order for the HPPG Initiative to be successful,” Cruzan said.


Rosebud’s Law Enforcement Service staff recently collected 1300 surveys under the HPPG Initiative in order to assess their efforts according to the tribal and community members’ perspective. The Rosebud Police Department currently has 20 officers. There will soon be 10 detailed officers from other tribal law enforcement departments coming to assist at Rosebud.

© 2012 Vi Waln

Lakota ceremony is based in love, not fear

I remember one summer when an aunt, who left the reservation at a very young age and never returned, came home to visit. Of course, she spent most of her time talking with relatives in order to catch up on the latest news about family, friends and tribal matters. Since it was summer, the discussion inevitably led to Lakota sun dance as there was one taking place on the Rosebud.


The elder auntie was quite surprised to learn her people still sun danced. She was visibly shocked when told that our people still sacrificed by piercing their skin to make offerings. She had a disgusted look on her face when she stated sun dance should be outlawed.


My first urge was to tell her about how the sun dance and other ceremonies had already been outlawed by the United States government in the 19th century. I wanted to inform her about how we fought for a very long time to have the federal government’s ban on our right to pray in our own way lifted. I also wanted to tell her about how the ceremonies continued underground after they had been outlawed. But I had to bite my tongue and not respond to her ignorance. After all, she was an elder.


Even today it is still very hard to help some of our own Lakota people understand how important ceremony is to our unborn generations and Mother Earth. Some are disconnected from Lakota spirituality. Many of our people who left the reservation during the relocation era never returned. Some Lakota people have no idea that we still pray in our ceremonies on the same land our ancestors did.


There are many contemporary Lakota people who embrace the spirituality and way of life kept alive by our ancestors through the dark times of European encroachment. Today I know many young people who absolutely love Lakota ceremony. I appreciate them, they are our future.


Organized religion is responsible for much of the colonization we see today. We are all colonized in different ways, I believe. Some of us realize this and make the effort to work on decolonizing ourselves and our family members. I am not sure if we will ever get back to the way it was when our ancestors walked Mother Earth before Columbus arrived. Yet, I am encouraged by the interest many of our young people have in living as a Lakota.


The churches worked very hard to convert us through their Christian rituals and boarding school educations. Today a majority of our families are devout Catholics, Episcopalians or are followers of some other religious denomination.


I also see many Christian people praying at Lakota altars. I don’t slight anyone for their choice of religion but I take offense when people try to influence me against how I choose to pray.


Recently, there were several flyers printed up and distributed around the Rapid City area. The online pictures I saw of the posters denounced the Lakota ways of prayer as some sort of dangerous, unhealthy cult. There were many derogatory things printed on these flyers, most of which is too offensive to share. Those of you who actually saw the flyers know how terrible they looked. In my opinion, the posters were created to spread fear through distorted information and paranoid untruths.


I didn’t think it was fair for the person or persons to actually print and distribute ugly flyers condemning our Lakota ceremonies. What is wrong with the people who did this? Their obvious mental illness and fear was openly displayed on those flyers. They tried to spread terrible lies about Lakota ceremony.


Those of us who saw the flyers continue to attend ceremony and pray for those who created the posters. Hopefully, they will one day understand that what they did was very ignorant.


I don’t see any Lakota people printing and distributing flyers about other ways of worship. What would happen if I created a bunch of strangely paranoid posters about a Church and spread them all over South Dakota? The local media would probably be all over something like that.


I could print things like how the organized religions worked hard to demonize our sacred way of life. After all, it was the churches which instilled most of the fear surrounding Lakota ceremony, right? Many leaders in the organized religions still try to spread fear about Lakota spirituality. It is wrong!


As a young adult I once worked as a receptionist for a local religious organization. One of my duties was to announce visitors who came to see the priest in charge.


One time a local medicine man was summoned to come and see the priest. Soon I could hear the priest’s voice get louder and louder in the office next to mine as he scolded the medicine man for having ceremony. I don’t even want to share what the priest said to the medicine man but I will say it was similar to what was printed on those flyers.


Even though he was harshly chastised by the priest for his spirituality, the medicine man came out of the room looking totally unfazed. He smiled at me and calmly left the building. He continued to have ceremonies on the Rosebud Reservation until he passed on several years ago.


The priest tried very hard to scare the medicine man by suggesting that God didn’t approve of Lakota spirituality. This is exactly what the person who created those ridiculous flyers tried to convey. They want people to be afraid of Lakota ceremony. Ceremony is all about prayer. Prayer is not based in fear, it comes from love.


Please remember Iktomi comes in many forms and he/she is all around us. Ignorant tricksters who sow dangerous seeds of fear need our prayers. I will pray for the people who created these flyers to gain some understanding when I sing at sun dance ceremony next month. Stand strong and pray hard relatives!

Honor your Mom

My Mother was my best friend. She was a devout Catholic girl from the boarding school era who never, ever complained about being abused. She attributed her experience in boarding school as one that helped her achieve an admirable level of self-control. I believed everything my Mother told me.


She played basketball and was a cheerleader while in high school. She once told me her high school nickname was Creep because she had the ability to just creep away when in a group of friends who found themselves in trouble with the priests or nuns. She never got caught.


She graduated from St. Francis Mission High School and earned a college degree. I was very proud of her when she received her college degree. My Mother always encouraged me to continue my education.


When my siblings and I were small children, our Mother would take us shopping and spend her entire paycheck on new clothes for school. I remember her washing our clothes in one of those wringer washers and hanging them on the clothesline.


Each school day she would lay out our clean clothes for us. We lived in the country so she would drive us to and from school every day so we didn’t have to walk. She always made sure we had enough food to eat. My Mother made sure we had the things we needed. My Mother loved my siblings and me.


I remember one Halloween when she made our costumes all by hand. My sister and I were dressed like hobos; we even had those little sticks with the sack of hobo stuff dangling from the end slung over our shoulders. She spent a lot of time sewing patches on some old clothes we had. I was very small but I remember we won a prize at the costume contest.


My Mother always put her children first in her life. She always acted in our best interest. If we needed something she would find some way to get it. She encouraged me in all my endeavors. No matter what I wanted to do, my Mother allowed me the freedom to live my own life and make my own mistakes. I am the person I am today because of everything my Mother taught me. She was an excellent role-model.


My Mother had a great sense of humor. She confided a lot about her life to me. She always gave me good advice. When I was a teenager she was very supportive of me. She came to all the school activities I participated in. Sometimes I thought she was a bigger fan of the basketball team than I was! She always glowed with pleasure when people asked us if we were sisters.


Next month it will be 22 years since my Mother made her journey to the spirit world. Her passing left a major void in my life. I will always miss her. You do not know what it is like to be without your Mother until she is gone.


Take the time to call your Mother on Mother’s Day. If you live within driving distance, please go see her in person. Give her a hug and tell her you love her. Fix her lunch or take her out to eat. Buy her flowers. Tell her you appreciate everything that she has done for you.


If you and your Mother are not on speaking terms, find it in your heart to mend whatever rift is between you. She made the choice to bring you into this world. Honor her for your life!

Special Rapporteur visits Rosebud Indian Reservation

By Vi Waln

MISSION, SD – James Anaya, an expert appointed by the United Nations, met with several tribal leaders and community members here last week. The visit to Sinte Gleska University on the Rosebud Indian Reservation was part of a fact gathering mission regarding the human rights of indigenous peoples in the United States. Special Rapporteur Anaya also held meetings in Washington, DC, Oregon, Oklahoma, Alaska, Arizona and Washington State.

The two-day session was moderated by Bill Means of the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC). The Special Rapporteur came to South Dakota “to discuss issues of human rights, human rights are something we are born with,” Means told the gathering.

Special Rapporteur Anaya referred to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as the purpose of his work. “I am here to listen to people as a part of a report on the conditions of Indigenous people. I do not receive instructions; I am looking for the truth as you tell it to me.”

Speakers were limited to 10 minutes and were encouraged to summarize any written statements submitted to Special Rapporteur Anaya. There was no limit to the number of pages which could be submitted as written testimony. Several people who did not speak attended the session to submit their written testimony. A letter signed by Rosebud Sioux Tribal President Rodney Bordeaux, SGU President Lionel Bordeaux, Jess Taken Alive, Chief Leonard Crow Dog, Chief Oliver Red Cloud and Chief Keith Horse Looking was also submitted.

“We are subject to continual terror since the 1851 treaty,” stated Faith Spotted Eagle, an Ihanktonwan tribal member from the Yankton Sioux Reservation. “As recent as 2010, the United States (US) tried to violate our rights with an action to disestablish us [as a reservation] in the Supreme Court. Consultations are tainted and diluted.”

“The treatment of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay is based on how American Indians were treated,” stated Oglala Lakota Russell Means. “The US secretly maintains they are in a state of war with us. We want them to recognize the 1851 and 1868 treaties as valid international documents. We are not confronting the US or trying to embarrass them, we just want our treaties recognized. The perpetual war they have against us is the same as Israeli treatment of Palestinians.”

“We were psychologically traumatized at boarding school, I cried for days after they cut my braids,” stated Cheyenne River elder Marcella Lebeau. “We worked four hours a day and went to school four hours a day. This got us a fourth grade education instead of an eighth grade education like we were supposed to get.”

“In 1924 my mother became a US citizen and got a force patent on her land so then she had to pay tax on the land,” Lebeau continued. “She lost her land because she was unemployed [and couldn’t pay the taxes]. The 1947 Pick-Sloan Act took our land along the Missouri River. They took our land and the landowners were never paid just compensation.”

“Treaties without an expiration date are to be in effect until everyone agrees that they are no longer in effect,” Charmaine White Face said. “We are totally surrounded and occupied by the United States of America. Full enforcement of the treaty of 1868 – this is the message we want you to give to the United Nations Council.”

“The US allowed and allows, supported and supports corporate encroachment onto our Homelands to get at the gold in our sacred Black Hills,” stated Debra White Plume. “There are uranium, oil, and gas corporations here now, and more want to come. We did not invite them. America welcomes Canadian-owned Cameco uranium corporation, TransCanada oil pipeline corporation, and PowerTech uranium corporation to come and obtain permits to mine uranium and slurry oil in our Territory against our wishes, this extraction and pipeline threatens our Ogallala Aquifer, which gives 2 million people drinking water and irrigates the world’s bread basket.”

“We have not given our free, prior and informed consent as required by the Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, we know not everyone is satisfied with the Declaration, but it is a minimum standards document. Federal Indian policy lumps all Native Americans together and calls us American Indians,” she continued. “In 1890 a Gatlin gun was used to murder over 300 Lakota people 7 miles from where I live. Federal Indian policy is the new Gatlin gun.”

“We are being denied our collective rights to land,” Darlene Pipe Boy stated. “The Cobell case is a manipulation of poverty.”

There is also “white retaliation of Native educators,” said Dr. Edward Valandra. “The institutional processes [are used] to eliminate Native educators, we pursue these advanced degrees to be of service to our people. Still, Native professors in universities are the most persecuted. This is an example of structural violence.”

Lakota LaPlante-Ruvalcaba spoke of a grandchild who was removed from her home by the Department of Social Services. “South Dakota is the Mississippi of the North when it comes to the treatment of our people. Native children [removed from their homes] are losing touch with family and culture.”

Chief Oliver Red Cloud offered a statement in the Lakota language. His address was translated in part by Alex White Plume. “I do not raise my hand under the US Constitution, I am under natural law. The US has never honored their word; they are ruining our Earth to make money. The IRA governments are a failure. If you do not speak your language or know your culture it’s an impact of genocide.”

“Last month we had a roadblock, two overweight trucks came into our sovereign territory without permission,” stated Tom Poor Bear who is Vice-President of the Oglala Lakota Nation. “In a conference call with the Governor of South Dakota, I stated that we have laws against these overweight vehicles. Governor Daugaard said our tribal, traditions, treaties, laws and ordinances meant nothing to him.”

Dr. Denise Lajimodiere, Charon Asetoyer, Michelle Tyon, Manny Iron Hawk, Wayne Wasicun, Darrell Drapeau, Dr. John Hart, Keith Horse Looking, Lionel Bordeaux, Alyssa Macy, Oliver Semans, Mike Wiggins Jr., Roger Milk, Sheryl Lightfoot, Alex White Plume, Jess Taken Alive, Dave Archambault and Lisa Shaw also offered testimony on a variety of issues. Paula Antoine read a written statement submitted by Chief Arvol Looking Horse.

Professor Anaya stated he would prepare an “assessment of conditions and make recommendations for a report which will be made public, the report will be presented in September 2012 to the United Nations Council in Geneva, Switzerland.”

He was also honored with several gifts, such as a star quilt and a Pendleton blanket along with other tokens of appreciation. “I feel stronger; your testimony means much to me as I go forward. I see you have very strong warriors,” he said. “I will give voice to what I’ve been hearing.”

He was also made a relative to the Lakota people with a Hunka ceremony and a Lakota name bestowed by Chief Red Cloud. Wanbli Wawokiye Wica or Eagle Helper was chosen as his name because of his work in many different parts of the continent. Prayers were offered by Chief Leonard Crow Dog, Chief Keith Horse Looking, Marty Makes Room and Chaz Blue Thunder.

In a statement issued at the conclusion of his visit, Anaya said “I also heard many stories about the significance of places that are sacred to indigenous peoples, places like the San Francisco Peaks in Arizona and the Black Hills in South Dakota, which hold profound religious and cultural significance to tribes. During my visit, indigenous peoples reported to me that they have too little control over what happens in these places, and that activities carried out around them at times affront their values and beliefs.”

The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted in 2007. The document outlines a framework of minimum standards for the survival, dignity, well-being, and rights of indigenous peoples around the world. The document was officially endorsed by the US in December 2010.