If you are looking for a sign not to kill yourself, this is it.


Teenagers in the Parmelee Community host a suicide prevention walk. Photo by Vi Waln

By Vi Waln

If you are looking for a sign not to kill yourself, this is it.

If you are looking for some sign to stay alive, this is it. Whether you know it or not, the world needs your talents and unique inner gifts. Your life is an opportunity to make some sort of positive difference in this world. If you were looking for a sign from Wakan Tanka, Creator God, the Universe, or an Angel to continue living, consider this your sign. Sometimes a simple sign letting you know that someone cares and wants you to keep living is all that you need. www.mentalhealthdaily.com

September is designated as National Suicide Prevention Month. American Indian and Alaskan Native people have some of the highest suicide rates on earth. Here on the Rez, many of us consider every month as suicide prevention month. We all must do our part to encourage our people on how valuable their lives are to their families, their tribe and others around them.

It was a completely different world when I was a teenager. I do remember all the bullying that went on, but I don’t remember anyone in my school committing suicide. Today, we’ve lost many Lakota people to suicide. The majority of them were just teenagers. Our children need their relatives and other people around them to help them realize they have their entire lives ahead of them. As individuals, we each have to make a commitment to do more for the young people we encounter every day. They all deserve to know that things will get better.

Still, it’s hard to believe that anything will get better when you live on the Rez. There are so many social problems our people are forced to deal with. Alcohol, drugs and broken families have affected us all. The lack of an economy and the high poverty rate have harsh effects on many of our teenagers and children. There are so many issues which can factor into the choice an individual makes when they are contemplating taking their own life.

There is a saying about how it takes a village to raise a child. Our ancestors knew this to be true and everyone contributed to raising healthy children. These contributions were made through ceremony, encouragement, teachings, being involved and educating the young people about what it means to be Lakota.

Unfortunately, much of our cultural teachings and values have been forgotten by our people. The influence of the wasicu has permeated our entire society. Alcohol, drugs, religion, boarding schools and the countless other negative influences brought by the people who came to take our land has contributed greatly to our cultural and spiritual losses.

We each have a responsibility to make an effort to encourage our people and help them see there is hope for all of us. More importantly, we have to provide our young Lakota people reasons to keep moving forward with their lives. We all have to do our part to combat the suicide statistics our reservations are known for.

Becoming involved in Lakota ceremony can contribute a great deal to the mental health of our children and young people. Last summer, I watched several of our young Lakota men sacrifice themselves in the sun dance. Their prayers were very strong. I approached some of them and told them how much I appreciated them because they gave me hope. The prayers of our young people can help to carry all of us forward.

Many of us pray every day for the families who have lost someone to suicide. We often have no words to comfort the people who are grieving the loss of a child to suicide. Their pain and grief are incomprehensible to us. The death of a child changes a Tiospaye forever.

I do want to say how much I appreciate the Lakota people who work in our suicide prevention programs on the Rez. They have difficult jobs. We can never be sure which one of our young people is having problems, especially when they don’t say anything. We have to encourage our teenagers and children to have a positive outlook despite all the negativity they might be experiencing or living with.

I especially want to acknowledge the tireless work of Tiny DeCory of Pine Ridge. She is my friend on Facebook and very active on social media. When a young person on the Pine Ridge Rez is contemplating suicide, Tiny will look for them no matter what time of day it is. She will post on Facebook the name of the young person and ask for help looking for them. When I see her Facebook posts, I pray for the young person to choose life. Thank you Tiny, for all the work you have done to save young lives. Many of us appreciate the work you do with the youth of Pine Ridge and the Bear Program.

If you are one of the people out there contemplating suicide, remember there are people who care very much about you. If you are having problems you can always call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline to talk with someone about the issues you are facing. The number is 1-800-273-8255. On the Rosebud Rez you can call 319-1280. Please know there are people you can talk to who care and are willing to help you.

Remember, you are mistaken if you believe that committing suicide will take away the pain you feel. People who kill themselves leave behind family and friends who will experience a much greater pain than you are feeling now. There are people who love you dearly! Call one of the numbers listed above and get help today. Call upon our Lakota ancestors and find courage to keep moving forward. Your life is sacred.

Lakota Adults Are Role Models


According to Wikipedia, “Emotional intelligence can be defined as the ability to monitor one’s own and other people’s emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior.”

I began learning about emotional intelligence several years ago after being introduced to the concept at a workshop. I believe emotional intelligence goes hand in hand with emotional maturity. I’ve witnessed behavior from adults that shows their lack of both emotional intelligence and maturity. For instance, jealous people lack emotional intelligence, especially the ones who follow up on their feelings with violence.

A lack of emotional intelligence and emotional maturity can also be seen in adults who bully. They generally allow their negative emotions to control their behavior. They are quick to anger and often act without thinking. Their goal is to intentionally inflict harm on another person. The worst type of bully out there today is the cyberbully.

The cyberbully will inflict great emotional or mental pain upon others from his/her computer. There are many horrible tactics used by a cyberbully. I see a lot of these tactics used on social networking sites. A lot of people living on the Rez use Facebook to spread lies, gossip and hate. They also use Facebook accounts to hurt other people with malicious postings. When you are being attacked by a cyberbully on Facebook, there is usually nothing you can do. Cyberbullying is violence.

According to the website nobullying.com, “Bully behavior cannot be pinpointed to specific personalities, although many bullies suffer from internal struggles which often manifest into negativity towards others. Some of the common characteristics and personality traits a bully may have includes: uncontrollable anger and outbursts, the inability to control or direct emotions, low self-esteem, no confidence in self, no foreseeable future for oneself, and hopelessness.”

I witnessed an obvious act of cyberbullying on Facebook over the weekend. I would never have noticed what was going on if one of my female friends hadn’t pointed out what someone else was posting about her. She also shared screen shots of the Facebook posts, which contained indecent language.

My curiosity was piqued after I saw the screen shots. I visited the Facebook page of the adult woman who had posted the status update on her timeline. The language she used was obscene. The comments she made struck me as coming from an extremely angry person who lacked maturity.

I also read comments made by other adult women. I know some of these women personally. Some are employed with the tribe. I had no idea these women were capable of posting such filth. I wondered if they were intoxicated. The status update and comments under it were available for everyone who looked at the page to read, including the children of the woman they were referring to. Cyberbullying is conduct unbecoming to a Lakota woman.

The tribal council at Rosebud did discuss cyberbullying at an informal meeting they had recently. I believe the topic was discussed because of a Facebook post. However, I think there is a difference between sharing information with people on a social networking site and cyberbullying. We are all entitled to freedom of speech. Still, personal responsibility also comes with our right to freedom of speech.

After reading those horrible comments posted by several adult women, I hope the tribal council considers revising the personnel manual. There could be some standards put in place in terms of the public behavior of tribal employees on social networks. It doesn’t look right when tribal employees or tribal directors post denigrating information about other tribal employees. It’s blatant cyberbullying.

Some corporations have established standards which their employees have to follow, even after hours. It should be the same for tribal employees and directors. Our young people have a difficult time. And their lives are certainly not improved by tribal employees posting filth for the whole world to read on their Facebook pages. Tribal employees could be modeling positive behavior for our Lakota children, instead of publicly tearing each other apart on Facebook after work and on weekends.

Consequently, according to Ordinance 2007-09, which is the Rosebud Sioux Tribe Personnel Policy and Procedure Manual, “Tribal employees shall demonstrate the highest possible standards of personal integrity, truthfulness, and honesty in all public activities in order to inspire public confidence and trust in Tribal institutions. Such standards include, but are not limited to:
a. Dedication to the highest ideals of honor and integrity in all public and personal relationships.
b. Affirmation of the dignity and worth of the services rendered by the tribal government and maintain a constructive, creative and practical attitude toward community affairs and a deep sense of social responsibility as a public servant” (page 2).

I believe those tribal employees were not acting in the “highest possible standards of personal integrity” when they posted those vulgar words on Facebook. The RST Employee Assistance Program does offer free mediation services for tribal employees to work out their differences. However, many employees refuse to participate in a mediation session. Apparently, they would rather not solve their conflict with another person. This is another example of how our Lakota culture is being lost. That is, mediation was once a very effective way for the Lakota people to resolve their personal differences.

I was offended by the obscenity I read. The words those Lakota women used displayed an aspect of their inner minds. I was embarrassed for them. Still, people will vehemently defend their public right to behave, talk and post on social media any way they like after work and on weekends.

As Lakota women, we have a responsibility to our young people to be positive role models at all times. Tribal employees are still role models for our young Lakota people, even when they are not on the job.

Public Trust, Integrity and Law Enforcement Officers


Journalists often face the risk of retaliation when we sit down to write a story or opinion. Yet, the main goal of a journalist is to inform the public. And sometimes the information we share involves issues that people don’t want anyone else to know about. I’ve always been candid in this column. I’m sure I’ve offended people by sharing information with readers.

Journalists are often accused of not telling both sides of the story. Yet, both sides of the story told in an objective manner is generally meant for news articles. This is an opinion editorial. I choose to share my opinion with readers because there are issues which I feel very strongly about. I also try to give readers something to think about. I am guaranteed my right to freedom of speech under the Constitution of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.

There have been times when people will blame something I’ve written for the things that happen to them. For instance, a few years ago I was apparently at fault when a tribal council incumbent was not re-elected. Right before the tribal election, I wrote something highlighting the costs of tribal council travel. I believed it was information that needed to be shared with the tribal voters. Yet, I was presumed guilty of not telling both sides of the story. Such is the life when you are a journalist. We can’t please everyone.

I was asked to write about an incident which happened a couple of weeks ago. I didn’t witness what happened but I agreed to write something about it. Once again, I am risking retaliation from local people. Please remember that I wouldn’t be doing my job if I didn’t write about issues that people need to know about.

The incident in question happened during Crow Dog’s sun dance. A young woman, who was supporting her immediate family, drove into town to get some supplies from home. As she drove into town, a police officer began following her. He followed her to her house. When she got out of the car, he asked her to come over to his patrol car. She was in a hurry because she was on a supply run. She had no idea of what was coming.

The police officer told her he had several warrants for her arrest. She asked him what she did but he said he didn’t know. All he knew was that she had several charges that would require her to pay $6,000 to bond out of jail. She was placed under arrest, handcuffed and transported to Rosebud Jail.

According to her account, the police officer denied knowing what she was being charged with. However, at some point she said he picked up some papers which were in his patrol unit the whole time and began reading off the alleged charges against her. The warrants had someone else’s name on them. She stated she wasn’t the person named on the warrants.

When she was booked into the jail, law enforcement officials realized they had made a mistake. She was definitely not the person named in the warrants. And even though she denied several times to the police officer that she wasn’t the person named on the warrants, he still arrested her. After being emotionally traumatized by the police officer who arrested her, she was released.

I believe police officers should positively confirm someone’s identity before making an arrest. This incident borders on harassment, especially since the family was praying at the sun dance. They all suffered unnecessary stress because of this incident. Their participation in the sun dance was rudely interrupted when they thought they had to leave the ceremony to find $6,000 in cash to bond their family member out of jail. There are few people living on the Rosebud Reservation who can actually afford to pay a $6,000 bond.

Those of you who pray or sing in Lakota ceremony know how important it is to stay focused. Several members of this woman’s immediate family were participants in the sun dance. They were either dancing or singing. This incident caused them unnecessary emotional trauma.

Maybe the police should consider leaving tribal people alone while they are in ceremony. I remember a while back when police officers would go to wakes or funerals to arrest grieving relatives. I believe the tribe did stop police officers from making arrests during those times. Perhaps a similar directive should be given to law enforcement, that is, maybe they could leave people alone while they are praying or supporting relatives at sun dance. Do the police go into local churches on a Sunday to execute warrants?

Another incident recently happened on the Pine Ridge Reservation where an on duty law enforcement officer crashed into a car. As a result of that crash, a woman lost her life and two other female passengers were seriously injured. Apparently, no charges are going to be filed, even though the crash took a life and forever changed other lives. I encourage the family to file a wrongful death suit against both the officer and the department.

Still another incident involves a local police officer who long refused to allow the mother of his children custody. The mother alleges her children were abused by this police officer and his wife. A lot of couples use their children against one another when they break up. And sometimes we see Tribal Court side with police officers, especially when he paints a bad picture of the mother. In the end, it’s the children who suffer the most.

I agreed to write this column because the people who were wronged come from families I have great respect for. Oftentimes, tribal members cannot get any justice when they are wronged. Sometimes the only way people will know what happened is if they read about it in the newspaper or on a social media site.

Our law enforcement officers must have integrity. When they lose public trust, it’s doubtful they will ever regain it.

Mni Wiconi – Water is Life


Many human beings do not understand the sacredness of Water. It is the only element on Earth that can exist as liquid, solid, or vapor. Modern society has conditioned us to take our water for granted. You probably don’t give much thought to the water coming out of your tap. The only time you notice your water is when something happens to stop the flow.

Yet, there would be no life without water. Water is essential in Lakota ceremony. Water is medicine. The Lakota people who sun dance or hanbleceya understand how painful life is without water. As human beings, we should never take our water for granted.

We can heal ourselves with water. When water is transformed into medicine, it will have a healing effect on our bodies. The late Dr. Masaru Emoto was a Japanese Scientist who researched how the power of healing prayers and positive thought can change the molecular structure of water. Consequently, I remember attending a ceremony several years ago where a man shared a vision he once had about water. “Heal the water and everything else will follow,” he said.

Here on the Rosebud Reservation, a majority of our water is piped in from the Missouri River. Are you sending a less than positive thought to your water? All water is sacred. We should not think the river water is of inferior quality. Our prayers and thoughts affect all our water, whether it is inside of us or coming through pipes from the aquifer or the river. Think about it.

Leonardo de Vinci said “Water is the driving force of all nature.” I recommend you watch the amazing documentary “Water: The Great Mystery.” This video might change the way you view your water. Changing our thoughts and attitudes towards our precious water will make the difference between life and death.

The work of several scientists across the globe was compiled to produce this documentary film about water. They present the concept that water has memory. Water is imprinted with the energy from human emotions.

“We pollute water spiritually, and this happens on a huge scale,” Alois Gruber, an Austrian Researcher said. “The water adopts all of the hatred, all of the malice, the stress, the water is almost dead by the time it enters our body. Understanding the mysteries of water is critical to our survival. Examine water as you have never seen it before.”

I believe prayer is crucial to good water and health. “The vibrational frequency of prayer in any language uttered in any religion is 8 hertz, which corresponds to the frequency of the oscillations of the Earth’s magnetic field,” Gruber continued. “Therefore, a prayer pronounced with love creates a harmonic structure in water that is an ingredient in absolutely all foods.”

The late Dr. Masaru Emoto studied water for many years. He provided proof of what the Lakota people have known all along: human thoughts can change the molecular structure of water. Our prayer over water transforms it into medicine. He is famous for his work in determining how human thought and different genres of music can dramatically change the molecular structure of water.

One experiment he conducted involved three glass beakers containing about a cupful of rice covered with water. For one month he said to one of the rice filled beakers “thank you.” The second beaker of rice was told “you’re an idiot” while the third container of rice was totally ignored. The rice which was thanked every day was fermenting after a month and smelled good. The rice that was told every day “you’re an idiot” turned black. The rice which was neglected turned green with rot.

Dr. Emoto stated this “experiment was an important lesson, especially with regard to how we treat children. We should take care of them, give them attention and converse with them. Indifference does the greatest harm. Numerous experiments aimed at finding the word that cleanses water most powerfully have shown it is not just one word but a combination of two: Love and Gratitude.”

Dr. Vlail Kaznacheyev, a Russian scientist, also spoke about water in the video. He said “with holy water, when it’s poured over sick animals or a dying plant, they revive. Those are the facts.”
Water transformed through prayer is found in most Lakota ceremonies. The water of life is also found in the water buckets and drums used in our Native American Church. I have often wondered what the late Dr. Emoto would have found in the molecular structure of Water after it had been prayed over in a Lakota or Native American Church ceremony.

Water is our first medicine. Professionals in the medical field have often been astounded when a Lakota person makes a complete recovery after receiving medicine at ceremony. Many want to know what was in the medicine which brought the cure. They are often surprised when they learn the medicine was Water.

You will feel better and your health will improve when you learn how to have faith in your personal prayers. All it takes is the offering of a simple prayer to transform your water. Please make it a daily practice to gift your Water with a heartfelt prayer of love and gratitude. Express your gratitude with a prayer of love over your water each and every time you use or drink it.

There can be no life without water. Always give love and gratitude to your water.

Elect Tribal Officials Who Have Integrity

RST Constitution

By Vi Waln

The Primary Election on the Rosebud Reservation will be held on Thursday, July 23, 2015. Voters will choose several candidates to appear on the General Election ballot in August. There are ten tribal council representative seats open, as well as the four constitutional officer positions.

Technology has changed the way candidates are able to campaign. It has also helped tribal voters stay informed. The Rosebud Sioux Tribe has been broadcasting tribal meetings on Channel 93, which can be accessed by several local residents who subscribe to cable services. Meetings are also live streamed on You Tube.

Candidates running for office were offered an opportunity to create a 60 second campaign advertisement. Those videos can now be viewed on the Tribe’s You Tube page. Archived videos of past council meetings, as well as a candidate forum, can also be accessed.

The ability to watch tribal council meetings live is appreciated by many. Elders and other people who often have no way to attend a tribal council meeting, but have access to cable television and the internet, can now watch their legislators conduct business. This is one advantage to having the meetings live streamed.

There are also disadvantages to watching televised tribal council meetings. For example, recently the tribal council approved a motion which would result in a cut in the amount of per diem they are paid. A cut in pay for elected officials is an issue which many tribal voters seem to favor.

However, there are tribal council members who have allegedly taken per diem advances all the way to the end of their term. This means they are not receiving a check for attending meetings anymore. So, while the motion to take a cut in pay looks good for the incumbents who are running for re-election, the reduction in per diem will only affect those tribal council members who are not maxed out in pay advances.

It’s a good campaign tactic to let your constituents believe you are taking a cut in your $40,000+ per diem rate, when in reality certain council members are not losing any of their pay at all because they have already received it in advances. The misleading of tribal voters by motions which only affect certain council members is one disadvantage to watching live streamed meetings.

On the other hand, another advantage to watching these televised meetings is tribal voters often get to see the true nature of their representatives. For instance, when the motion to take the cut in pay was discussed on the council floor, one tribal representative talked about how he didn’t feel it was fair that only they should have to accept a reduced per diem. He stated the tribal program directors and other employees should also take a cut in pay.

Just because the tribal council cannot seem to manage their money doesn’t mean they should be cutting tribal employees’ pay. The cash flow problems the tribe currently faces is not the fault of the program directors or employees. There are many program directors, as well as tribal employees, who have worked hard to complete either a Bachelor or Masters Degree.

Some tribal directors have also become very skilled at managing their program money. They have learned to plan for budget or end of fiscal year shortfalls. They should not be penalized for the inability of the tribal council to manage their own budgets. It’s not fair.

Another area tribal voters could think about before going to the polls next week is how well the tribal council has adhered to the Constitution. This document is what governs the entire Tribe. Our rights as tribal people are supposed to be guaranteed under the RST Constitution and Bylaws.

Still, the tribal council violated our constitutional rights earlier this year when they voted to remove a tribal president, who was elected by the people. I realize there are differences of opinion on this action and what is done is done. I’m not taking anyone’s side.

But, after studying the Constitution over the past several years, I still cannot find where the tribal council has the authority to remove a constitutional officer. As far as I can see, the authority to remove a tribal president is limited. The tribal council can remove one of their own members, but only the people who voted a president (or vice-president, treasurer or secretary) into office can petition to have him/her removed. The recall process should have been followed.

Another violation of our Constitution recently occurred when a Tribal Judge ruled in favor of a candidate whose eligibility to run for office was challenged. The Judge overruled the Election Board’s decision to disqualify this candidate from running because of a felony conviction on his criminal record. Does the Tribal Judge’s action open up future elections for convicted felons to run for office?

Tribal voters must be very careful when going to the polls on July 23. I will not be voting for any candidates who may further violate my rights as outlined in the Rosebud Sioux Tribe’s Constitution & Bylaws. I will also not be voting for any candidates who are not eligible to be on the ballot because of their criminal record.

Our children deserve to have people of integrity elected to the governing body of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. Let’s not disappoint them.

Tribal Economic Development Task Force Meets on Rosebud

Tuffy Lunderman (RST Vice-President) and Wizipan Little Elk (CEO of REDCO) give a presentation on Keya Wakpala Waicageyapi to the Tribal Economic Development Task Force. The 600-acre site is owned by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and designated for a resilient community development project. Photo by Vi Waln.

Tuffy Lunderman (RST Vice-President) and Wizipan Little Elk (CEO of REDCO) give a presentation on Keya Wakpala Waicageyapi to the Tribal Economic Development Task Force. The 600-acre site is owned by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and designated for a resilient community development project. Photo by Vi Waln.

By Vi Waln

MISSION – A task force created by the South Dakota House of Representatives met here last week to hear presentations by the Rosebud and Oglala Sioux Tribes.

Members of the Tribal Economic Development Task Force opened their meeting with a presentation by Clark Guthmiller of the US Department of Agriculture at the July 10 meeting. Also addressing the Task Force were Wizipan Little Elk, Chief Executive Officer of REDCO (Rosebud Economic Development Corporation) and Blaine Little Thunder, Eagle Nest Council Representative from Wanblee.
“We would love working with REDCO on getting some grant money for Rosebud,” stated Guthmiller. He shared information on available funding opportunities in the areas of Rural Business/Community Programs, Rural Housing Programs and Rural Utilities.

REDCO currently operates ten businesses on the Rosebud Reservation. They employ 32 people, most of which are tribal members, and generate $6 million in revenue every year. Current priorities in economic development include (1) land/agriculture, (2) renewable energy, (3) technology and (4) financing.

REDCO is currently working on developing the Tatanka Fund, which will be a CDFI (Community Development Financial Institution) serving the Rosebud Sioux Tribe. A loan project is also being developed for tribal members to apply for financing for business endeavors. A third project is the Keya Wakpala Waicageyapi. The 600-acre site, where the Turtle Creek Crossing Grocery Store is located, is designated for a resilient community development project.

“The old model in agriculture has always been to lease out our land at dirt cheap rates and watch others get rich,” stated Little Elk. “We have to do something different. Rosebud has 1600 acres available to farm, but no people to operate combine equipment. We need to get some of our folks training to operate heavy equipment.”

Little Elk also presented several recommendations to the Task Force in the areas of tribal economic development legislation, taxes and intergovernmental agreements, existing government spending, business incentives and relationships, grant funding, and investing in education and work force development on the reservation.

“When the Tribe wins, the State wins,” stated Little Elk. He urged the Task Force members to consider using tribal businesses, such as Sicangu Office Products and Sicangu Program, to purchase goods the State is already using. “There are advantages to partnering with the Tribe,” he said.

“The reservations are a pass through area for a lot of money,” stated Tuffy Lunderman, Rosebud Sioux Tribe Vice-President. That is, even though the tribe has an unemployment rate of 80%, there is still a lot of money that comes into the reservation through employment, retirement and social service programs. Most of that money is spent off the reservation and doesn’t cycle back to the local tribal economy.

“Imagine what your body would do if you lost 86% of your blood,” stated Michael LaPointe, a Rosebud tribal member. “86 cents of every dollar leaves the reservation and doesn’t return. If that money turned here, like it does in Rapid City and Sioux Falls, we would have three quarters of a billion dollar economy.”

“So often government is just not the answer,” stated Representative Don Haggar. “We sell ourselves short if we don’t acknowledge what is happening in Indian Country. We brag about South Dakota having a low unemployment rate, but we forget about the 80% unemployment on the nine reservations.”

“Lots of times we hear the State doesn’t care about what happens on the reservations or that the reservations don’t care what happens with the State, but that’s just not true,” stated Representative Elizabeth May.

“We can only go up from here, that is where the Tribe and REDCO are looking,” stated Little Elk. “It is embedded in our culture to have high standards and we have to return to that. We are intent on pulling ourselves up by our own bootstraps, but we need help getting a pair of boots.”

Representative Haggar, who serves as Chair, sponsored HB 1213 to create the Tribal Economic Development Task Force during the 2014 Legislative Session. The group was formed to work at improving economic development strategies on the nine Indian Reservations in South Dakota. Other Representatives who serve on the task force are Elizabeth May and Mike Verchio. Senators Jim Bradford, Craig Tieszen and Bruce Rampelberg are also members. Steve Emery, Secretary of the SD Department of Tribal Relations, along with Mark DeVries and Kathy Tyler are also members of the task force.

Tribal representatives include Task Force Vice-Chair Roxanne Sazue (Crow Creek), Steven Sitting Bear (Standing Rock), John Yellow Bird Steele (Pine Ridge) Sarah Zephier (Yankton), Chuck Jones (Lower Brule), Harold Frazier (Cheyenne River), Anthony Reider (Flandreau), Tuffy Lunderman (Rosebud) and DelRay German (Sisseton Wahpeton).

The meeting was broadcasted live by RST Channel 93. An archive of the meeting can be viewed online at Tribal Economic Development Task Force on You Tube. The next meeting is scheduled for Friday, August 28 and will be held in Sioux Falls. Presentations from the Yankton and Flandreau Sioux Tribes will be heard. For more information on the Tribal Economic Development Task Force, you may call Roxanne Hammond, Attorney for the SD Legislative Research Council, at (605) 773-3251.